The Nutcracker Ballet is based on the book called "The
Nutcracker and the Mouse King" written by E.T.A. Hoffman.
In 1891, the legendary choreographer Marius Petipa
commissioned Tchaikovsky to write the music for the Nutcracker Ballet.
In 1892, the first showing of the Nutcracker took place
at the Mariinsky Theatre of Russia, home of the Kirov Ballet.
The Nutcracker made its way to
Western Europe in the 1930's and to America by 1940, performed by Ballet Russe. The first American full length Nutcracker was performed by the San Francisco Ballet,
choreographed by W. Christensen. The Nutcracker has since become an annual Holiday tradition.